Non-communicable diseases like cardiac and respiratory disease, neurological and immunocompromising conditions, diabetes and other metabolic disorders, renal disease and haematological disorders combined with influenza can increase a person’s risk of serious illness from influenza. In addition, influenza can also make chronic health conditions worse. For example, people with asthma may be more likely to experience asthma attacks while they have the flu, and if people with chronic congestive heart failure get sick with the flu, they could experience a worsening of this condition.

Common medical non-communicable diseases that may increase the risk of problems with influenza

Influenza and cardiovascular disease

Influenza and diabetes

Click on the heading to find recent articles on the topic. This list is updated monthly.  

Non-communicable diseases – general articles
Cardiovacular diseases
Chronic gastrointestinal diseases
Chronic musculoskeletal diseases
Chronic respiratory diseases
Haematologic diseases
Immunocompromised diseases
Kidney diseases
Metabolic disorders
Neurodevelopmental and Neurological Conditions

Non-communicable diseases

Cardiovacular Diseases

Recent Articles

Chen KY, et al. Effect of annual influenza vaccination on reducing lung cancer in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease from a population-based cohort study.  Medicine (Baltimore). 2019 Nov;98(47):e18035. Full Text

Chen Y, et al.  Vaccines and the risk of Guillain-Barré syndrome.  Eur J Epidemiol. 2019 Dec 19. Full text

Cowling BJ, et al. Comparative Reactogenicity of Enhanced Influenza Vaccines in Older Adults. J Infect Dis. 2020 May 14:jiaa255. Full text 

Kitamura S, et al. Impact of repeated yearly vaccination on immune responses to influenza vaccine in an elderly population. Am J Infect Control. 2020 May 19:S0196-6553(20)30308-4. Full text

Tao L, et al.  The influence of a community intervention on influenza vaccination knowledge and behaviour among diabetic patients.  BMC Public Health. 2019 Dec 27;19(1):1747. Full Text

Xia Y, Mi F, Du G, Qin S. Analysis of protective immune responses to seasonal influenza vaccination in HIV-infected individuals. Hum Vaccin Immunother. 2020 May 15:1-9. Full text

Yotsapon T, et al. Trends in influenza and pneumococcal vaccine coverage in Thai patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus 2010-2018: Experience from a tertiary diabetes center in Bangkok.
Version 2. J Clin Transl Endocrinol. 2020 May 11;20:100227. Full Text