COVID-19 is a respiratory illness caused by a novel coronavirus, SARS – CoV-2  that has been rapidly transmitting around the world since it originated in Wuhan, in the Hubei province of China in November 2019. 

Symptoms include fever, coughing, sore throat and shortness of breath. The virus can spread from person to person, but good hygiene can prevent infection.

 

Take care of your health and protect others

Regularly clean your hands with either an alcohol-based hand rub, or wash them thoroughly with soap and water (for a duration of 20 seconds is recommended).

Maintain social distancing. When someone coughs or sneezes, they spray small liquid droplets from their nose or mouth which may contain the virus. If you are too close, you can breathe in the COVID-19 virus if the person coughing has the disease.

Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth

Practice respiratory hygiene.  This means covering your mouth and nose with your bent elbow or tissue when you cough or sneeze.  Dispose of the used tissue immediately.

If you have fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical care early, but call in advance. 

Follow the directions of your local health authority. 

Stay informed on the latest developments about COVID-19. Follow advice given by your healthcare provider, your national and local public health authority or your employer on how to protect yourself and others from COVID-19.

National and local authorities will have the most up to date information on whether COVID-19 is spreading in your area. They are best placed to advise on what people in your area should be doing to protect themselves.  

Useful links 

World Health Organisation – Disease Information

World Health Organisation - South East Asia Information

World Health Organisation – Western Pacific Information

Centre for Strategic and International Studies - South East Asia Covid-19 Tracker 

U.S. Phamacopeia Website

 

Recent Journal Articles

July

Arab-Zozani M, Hassanipour S, Ghoddoosi-Nejad D. Favipiravir for treating patients with novel coronavirus (COVID-19): protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised clinical trials. BMJ Open. 2020;10(7):e039730. Published 2020 Jul 31. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2020-039730
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Chakraborty R, Parvez S. COVID-19: An overview of the current pharmacological interventions, vaccines, and clinical trials [published online ahead of print, 2020 Jul 30]. Biochem Pharmacol. 2020;114184. doi:10.1016/j.bcp.2020.114184
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Chandran M, Chan Maung A, Mithal A, Parameswaran R. Vitamin D in COVID - 19: Dousing the fire or averting the storm? – A perspective from the Asia-Pacific [published online ahead of print, 2020 Jul 23]. Osteoporos Sarcopenia. 2020;doi:10.1016/j.afos.2020.07.003
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Chen Y, Wang Y, Wang H, Hu Z, Hua L. Controlling urban traffic-one of the useful methods to ensure safety in Wuhan based on COVID-19 outbreak. Saf Sci. 2020;131:104938. doi:10.1016/j.ssci.2020.104938
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Chen Z, John Wherry E. T cell responses in patients with COVID-19 [published online ahead of print, 2020 Jul 29]. Nat Rev Immunol. 2020;1-8. doi:10.1038/s41577-020-0402-6
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Chugh T. Timelines of COVID-19 vaccines [published online ahead of print, 2020 Jul 21]. Curr Med Res Pract. 2020;doi:10.1016/j.cmrp.2020.07.009
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Crooks K, Casey D, Ward JS. First Nations peoples leading the way in COVID-19 pandemic planning, response and management [published online ahead of print, 2020 Jul 20]. Med J Aust. 2020;10.5694/mja2.50704. doi:10.5694/mja2.50704
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Erkhembayar R, Dickinson E, Badarch D, et al. Early policy actions and emergency response to the COVID-19 pandemic in Mongolia: experiences and challenges [published online ahead of print, 2020 Jul 23]. Lancet Glob Health. 2020;S2214-109X(20)30295-3. doi:10.1016/S2214-109X(20)30295-3
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Ghosh A, Nundy S, Mallick TK. How India is dealing with COVID-19 pandemic. Sensors International. 2020;1:100021. doi:10.1016/j.sintl.2020.100021
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Harapan H, Wagner AL, Yufika A, et al. Acceptance of a COVID-19 Vaccine in Southeast Asia: A Cross-Sectional Study in Indonesia. Front Public Health. 2020;8:381. Published 2020 Jul 14. doi:10.3389/fpubh.2020.00381
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Islam N, Sharp SJ, Chowell G, et al. Physical distancing interventions and incidence of coronavirus disease 2019: natural experiment in 149 countries. BMJ. 2020;370:m2743. Published 2020 Jul 15. doi:10.1136/bmj.m2743
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Iyanda AE, Adeleke R, Lu Y, et al. A retrospective cross-national examination of COVID-19 outbreak in 175 countries: a multiscale geographically weighted regression analysis (January 11-June 28, 2020) [published online ahead of print, 2020 Jul 22]. J Infect Public Health. 2020;doi:10.1016/j.jiph.2020.07.006
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Ji D, Fan L, Li X, Ramakrishna S. Addressing the worldwide shortages of face masks. BMC Mater. 2020;2(1):9. doi:10.1186/s42833-020-00015-w
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Khemka A, Suri A, Singh NK, Bansal SK. Role of Vitamin D Supplementation in Prevention and Treatment of COVID-19 [published online ahead of print, 2020 Jul 30]. Indian J Clin Biochem. 2020;1-2. doi:10.1007/s12291-020-00908-3
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Kundu A, Basu S, Shetti NP, Malik AK, Aminabhavi TM. The COVID-19 paradox: Impact on India and developed nations of the world. Sensors International. 2020;1:100026. doi:10.1016/j.sintl.2020.100026
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Li X, Pan X, Li Y, et al. Cardiac injury associated with severe disease or ICU admission and death in hospitalized patients with COVID-19: a meta-analysis and systematic review. Crit Care. 2020;24(1):468. Published 2020 Jul 28. doi:10.1186/s13054-020-03183-z
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Liao SC, Shao SC, Chen YT, Chen YC, Hung MJ. Incidence and mortality of pulmonary embolism in COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Crit Care. 2020;24(1):464. Published 2020 Jul 27. doi:10.1186/s13054-020-03175-z
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Liu J, Zhang S, Wu Z, et al. Clinical outcomes of COVID-19 in Wuhan, China: a large cohort study. Ann Intensive Care. 2020;10(1):99. Published 2020 Jul 31. doi:10.1186/s13613-020-00706-3
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Morgello S. Coronaviruses and the central nervous system [published online ahead of print, 2020 Jul 31]. J Neurovirol. 2020;1-15. doi:10.1007/s13365-020-00868-7
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Newby JM, O'Moore K, Tang S, Christensen H, Faasse K. Acute mental health responses during the COVID-19 pandemic in Australia. PLoS One. 2020;15(7):e0236562. Published 2020 Jul 28. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0236562
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Ran L, Wang W, Ai M, Kong Y, Chen J, Kuang L. Psychological resilience, depression, anxiety, and somatization symptoms in response to COVID-19: A study of the general population in China at the peak of its epidemic [published online ahead of print, 2020 Jul 29]. Soc Sci Med. 2020;262:113261. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2020.113261
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Van Damme W, Dahake R, Delamou A, et al. The COVID-19 pandemic: diverse contexts; different epidemics-how and why?. BMJ Glob Health. 2020;5(7):e003098. doi:10.1136/bmjgh-2020-003098
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Wang D, Li Z, Liu Y. An overview of the safety, clinical application and antiviral research of the COVID-19 therapeutics [published online ahead of print, 2020 Jul 13]. J Infect Public Health. 2020;S1876-0341(20)30570-0. doi:10.1016/j.jiph.2020.07.004
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Wu BB, Gu DZ, Yu JN, Yang J, Wang-Qin S. Association between ABO blood groups and COVID-19 infection, severity and demise: A systematic review and meta-analysis [published online ahead of print, 2020 Jul 30]. Infect Genet Evol. 2020;84:104485. doi:10.1016/j.meegid.2020.104485
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Yoo S, Managi S. Global mortality benefits of COVID-19 action. Technol Forecast Soc Change. 2020;160:120231. doi:10.1016/j.techfore.2020.120231
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Zhang X, Cao D, Liu J, Zhang Q, Liu M. Efficacy and safety of Lianhua Qingwen combined with conventional antiviral Western Medicine in the treatment of coronavirus disease (covid-19) in 2019: Protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis. Medicine (Baltimore). 2020;99(30):e21404. Published 2020 Jul 24. doi:10.1097/MD.0000000000021404
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